If you know that 月 (yuè) stands for “month”, and you can count to 12 in Chinese, then you know how to say the names of the twelve months in Chinese. March is the third month of a year. Therefore, it is called 三月 (sānyuè). Last year about this time we learned a song called 三月里的小雨 (Sānyuè Li De Xiǎoyǔ Light Rain in March). If you would like to review that lesson, here is a quick link.
In English, to march means to walk forward or to advance with determination. The corresponding Chinese word is 行 (xíng), which happens to have a number of other meanings as well.
行军 (xíngjūn) refers to the marching of troops.
行人 (xíngrén) are pedestrians. 人行道 (rénxíngdào) is a walkway for people, i.e. a sidewalk or pavement. A one-way road is called 单行线 (dānxíngxiàn).
自行车 (zìxíngchē) and 脚踏车 (jiǎotàchē) both refer to a bicycle.
旅行 (lǚxíng) is a journey or travel. You can also use this word as a verb. 旅行社 (lǚxíng shè) is a travel agency. You might contact them to arrange a plane ticket or to inquire about joining a 旅行团 (lǚxíng tuán tourist group).
Wǒmén dǎsuàn cānjiā lǚxíng tuán dào rìběn qù wán.
We plan to join a travel group to tour Japan.
送行 (sòngxíng) is to see someone off. 行程 (xíngchéng) is an itinerary or the distance of travel.
行李 (xínglǐ) means luggage or baggage. This is not to be confused with 行礼 (xínglǐ to salute), in which 行 (xíng) means “to do”. Following are a few other examples of using the word in this sense.
实行 (shíxíng) means to carry out or to execute a plan or a policy. 行为 (xíngwéi) means behavior or conduct.
进行 (jìnxíng) means to march on or to be in progress. It also means to get on a task.
Jǐngfāng zhèngzài jìnxíng diàochá.
The police are conducting an investigation.
Many people say “行 (xíng)!” instead of “好 (hǎo)!” for “All right.” Or “Okay.” Correspondingly, if they say ” 不行 (bùxíng)”, that means they are refusing your request (no go).
行不通 (xíngbùtōng) means going nowhere.
Zhèyàng zuò shì xíngbùtōng de.
This won’t do. (This won’t work.)
行 (xíng) also means being competent or capable.
Tā zài yīnyuè fāngmiàn hěn xíng.
He is good at music.
When pronounced as 行 (háng), this word means a row, or the seniority among siblings. It also means a trade or line of business. Please review the discussion posted on 12/7/11.
内行 (nèiháng) means being adept at a task or knowledgeable about a subject matter.
If your friends are chagrined that their offspring refuses to study to become a doctor or a lawyer, but instead chooses literature or art, you could comfort them with this Chinese saying:
Sān bǎi liù shí háng, háng háng chū zhuàngyuan.
One could achieve greatness in any one of the 360 (i.e. very many) trades.
状元 (zhuàngyuan) is one who earned the top grade in the highest imperial examination in old China. This term refers to the very best in any field. Who knows? Your friends’ son or daughter just might make it big as a writer or an artist.