Chinese idioms involving the dog

Puppy Figurine

If you forgot to make a New Year’s resolution, now is your chance to make a Chinese New Year’s resolution. My resolution this year is to complete one of the books that have been sitting on my back burner for years. This one is a cookbook for people who are prone to the migraine disease. If you are a fellow migraineur, stay tuned. Hopefully the Year of the Dog will lend me the required energy to get this e-book out soon.

Speaking of dogs, the very first song my mother taught me when I was little had these lines:

一只哈巴狗
Yī zhī hǎbagǒu
A Pekingese dog

蹲在大门口
dūn zài dàmén kǒu
squats at the front entrance,

眼睛黑黝黝
yǎnjing hēiyōuyōu
with eyes shiny black,

想吃肉骨头
xiǎng chī ròu gútou
wanting to eat a meaty bone.

Dogs, or 狗 (gǒu), have been man’s best friend for about 3300 years. However, they have received mixed reviews in regards to their personality. Their unparalleled loyalty, or 忠诚度 (zhōngchéng dù), and capacity for love make them heart-winning house pets, or 宠物 (chǒngwù). On the other hand, when their mean streaks surface, they are cute no more, and in both English and Chinese the word “dog” also equates to “damned” or “cursed”. Therefore there are quite a few commonly used Chinese idioms that do not feature dogs in the best light.

In general, keeping a dog in a home is regarded as auspicious. When you learn of a friend’s adopting a pet dog, you could congratulate him or her by saying:

狗来福.
Gǒu lái fú.
Dog comes and brings good fortune.

Dogs have much keener sense of smell, sight and hearing than human beings. They can protect a family by barking or yapping at strangers. It is believed that they are able to tell the good guys from the bad as well as the rich and powerful from the poor and dejected. When someone puts you down, you are apt to think:

哼! 狗眼看人低!
Hng! Gǒuyǎnkànrén dī!
Humph! What a snob (like a dog)!

Sometimes the dog makes a mistake, as in the following story. 呂洞賓 (Lǚ Dòngbīn) was a scholar in the Tang Dynasty. He was well known for his studies in Taoism, medicine and various other subject matters as well as his kind heart. People ranked him among one of the eight great immortals of that time. It came to pass that one day Lǚ saw a starving dog. Out of sympathy, he gave the dog the dumpling that he was eating. The dog devoured the dumpling, but turned around and bit Lǚ. If someone ill rewards your kindness, you could tell others about it by using this saying:

狗咬呂洞賓, 不识好人心.
Ggǒuyǎolǚdòngbīn, bù shì hǎorén xīn.
Dog bites Lǚ Dòngbīn; can’t recognize a good heart when it sees one.

Often a dog will threaten people on the strength of its master’s power. 狗仗人勢 (Gǒuzhàngrénshì) means to bully someone under the protection of a powerful superior.

Now, if a dog bothers you, but it has a powerful master, or if the dog’s master is your friend, you would think twice before hitting the dog. The following idiom teaches you to look at the bigger picture instead of reacting hastily in some situations.

打狗看主人.
Dǎ gǒu kàn zhǔrén.
Mind whose dog it is before you strike.

Like a cornered dog, a person who has run out of resources might do something desperate. 狗急跳牆 (gǒujítiàoqiáng) means that, in a dire situation, a dog could jump over a wall.

Literally 打落水狗 (dǎluòshuǐgǒu) is to beat a drowning dog. Figuratively it means to deal a blow to a person who has lost power or favor, or to completely crush a defeated enemy.

If you made an inexcusable blunder at your job, your boss might level a stream of abusive language at you. This is likened to a jet of dog blood sprayed onto your head, as in:

老板把我骂了个狗血噴頭.
Lǎobǎn bǎ wǒ mà le gè gǒuxuěpēntóu.
The boss gave me a piece of his mind.

People who love to advise others but only have inept or even bad advice to offer are referred to as 狗頭軍師 (gǒutóujūnshī). 军师 (jūnshī) is a military counsellor.

The following expressions involve the dog plus another animal.

狗咬耗子 (gǒu yǎo hàozi) translates to: “Dog bites rat.” It refers to people meddling in other people’s affairs, which are none of their business.

If someone, for whom you have little regard, utters crude language, offers useless advice, or writes a mediocre article, you might make this disparaging remark to a third party:

狗嘴里长不出象牙.
Gǒu zuǐ li zhǎng bù chū xiàngyá.
A dog’s mouth can’t grow ivory.
(What can a dog do but bark?)

挂羊头卖狗肉 (guà yáng tóu mài gǒu ròu) means to display a goat’s head but sell dog meat, in other words, to bait and switch.

狐群狗党 (húqúngǒudǎng) refers to a gang of scoundrels (compared to foxes and wild dogs). 群 (qún) is a group of people, a crowd or a heard of animals. 党 (dǎng) usually refers to a political party.

You might describe a cold-blooded or unscrupulous person as having a wolf’s heart and a dog’s lungs, as in 狼心狗肺 (lángxīngǒufèi).

偷鸡摸狗 (tōu jī mō gǒu) means to engage in petty dishonest activities, such as stealing or having extra-marital affairs. 偷 (tōu) is to steal, pilfer or to be on the sly. 摸 (mō) is to feel or touch.

In traditional Chinese families, people are of the opinion that a daughter who has been married off must stick with her husband regardless of what kind of person he is. Remember that in earlier times, marriages were arranged by the parents, and Chinese women did not have a choice of whom they married.

嫁雞隨雞,嫁狗隨狗.
Jià jī suí jī, jià gǒu suí gǒu.
If you married a chicken, follow the chicken,
and if you married a dog, follow the dog.

It is interesting to note that the original saying goes like this:

嫁乞随乞,嫁叟随叟.
Jià qǐ suí qǐ, jià sǒu suí sǒu.
If you married a beggar, follow the beggar,
and if you married an old man, follow the old man.

No matter which way the saying is phrased, it teaches the women to 认命 (rènmìng), i.e. to accept their fate and try to work out the differences to keep the marriage in harmony. I think that goes for men as well.

Yeah, check out Learn Chinese through Songs and Rhymes
to learn additional Chinese expressions, idioms and sayings.

情人节快乐!
Qíngrén Jié kuàilè!
Happy Valentine’s Day!

春节快乐!
Chūnjié kuàilè!
Happy Spring Festival!

How to say “making a mountain out of a molehill” in Chinese?

Mountains

山 (shān) Mountains


The Chinese character for a mountain is (shān). It is quite easy to memorize if you visualize the three vertical strokes as three mountain peaks. (qiū) is the Chinese word for a mound or a small hill. However, the Chinese equivalent of the idiom “making a mountain out of a molehill” involves neither the mountain nor the hill.

你不要小題大作.
Nǐ bùyào xiǎotídàzuò.
Don’t make a big deal out of nothing.

Nevertheless, to the Chinese, mountains do signify weight and importance. 泰山(Tàishān) is a well-known mountain in China. In older times, one would refer to one’s father-in-law as 泰山(tàishān).

靠山(kàoshān) is a patron or a backer, where (kào) means to lean on, to depend on or to be nearby.

The Chinese word for camellia is 山茶(shānchá), although this plant is not related to the tea plant used for beverage.

Goats are called 山羊(shānyáng), and leopard cats are called 山貓(shānmāo).

山村(shāncūn) is a mountain village. 山地(shāndì) is a mountainous territory. There’s where you might hear people sing 山歌(shāngē folk songs).

We already know that 山谷(shāngǔ) is a valley. The foot of a hill is called 山腳(shānjǎo). 山坡(shānpō) is the hillside. 山洞 (shāndòng) is a cave. 山頂(shāndǐng) is the top of a mountain. It’s not fun when there is a landslide, or 山崩(shānbēng).

山貓躲在山洞裡.
Shānmāo duǒ zài shāndòng lǐ.
The leopard cat is hiding in the cave.

山水(shānshuǐ) refers to a scenery consisting of mountains and rivers. A landscape painting is called 山水畫(huà).

(jiāng) is a river. It is also a common surname. 江山(jiāngshān) can be construed as a landscape, but often this term is used to refer to the country encompassing the geographic features, or to the power of ruling over the land.

These two are straightforward: 火山(huǒshān) is a volcano, and 冰山(bīngshān) is an iceberg.

A solemn pledge of undying love is called 山盟海誓(shānménghǎishì) or 海誓山盟(hǎishìshānméng). The idea is that one’s love would last forever like the mountains and the seas.

Confucius once said:

智者樂水, 仁者樂山.
Zhì zhě yào shuǐ, rén zhě yào shān.
The wise take to the waters; the benevolent take to the mountains.

In this ancient statement, is pronounced as “yào” and means to enjoy or to delight in. As water is associated with movement, fluidity and liveliness, it fittingly represents intelligence and wisdom. On the other hand, mountains are envisioned as stable and calm. They have become a symbol for kindness, tolerance and stability.

What Confucius meant was “to each his own”, or 人各有志 (rén gè yǒu zhì), but when I first heard of this saying as a child, I seriously tried to figure out which of these two types of people I belonged to. So, which do you like better, hills and mountains or rivers and oceans?

It will be Earth Day next Monday. As we look around at our beautiful surroundings, let’s think about what each of us can do to help protect and preserve our planet.

环境 (huánjìng) is the environment or the surroundings. 保护(bǎohù) means to protect. Therefore, environmental protection is 環境保护 (huánjìng bǎohù), or 環保 (huán bǎo) for short.

不要怕; 有我保护你.
Bùyào pà; yǒu wǒ bǎohù nǐ.
Don’t be afraid; I’m here to protect you.

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