The Chinese character 方 (fāng) means “square”. Like the English word “square”, it can be used and interpreted in a number of different ways. Today we will look at this word as it pertains to square shapes, locations and directions.
So, a square shape is called 方形 (fāngxíng) or 正方形 (zhèngfāngxíng). 长方形 (chángfāngxíng) is a rectangle.
Any square piece is called 方块 (fāngkuài). Chinese characters are often referred to as 方块字 (fāngkuàizì).
方格 (fānggě) is a square grid. When we were in elementary school, we practiced writing Chinese characters by filling pages and pages of square grids. The narrower space on the right side of each square is for adding the zhuyin notation.
方糖 (fāngtáng) are sugar cubes.
方 (fāng) also means directions. The commonly used word for direction or orientation is 方向 (fāngxiàng). 方位 (fāngwèi) means position or bearing.
东方 (dōngfāng) is the east direction or the East. 西方 (xīfāng) is the west direction or the West.
前方 (qiánfāng) means ahead or the front. 后方 (hòufāng) is the rear of something such as a building or an army.
四方 (sìfāng) are the four directions. It also means a shape with four right angles, i.e. a square or a rectangle. 四方 (sìfāng) and 八方 (bāfāng eight directions) are often used to refer to all sides or all directions. The number eight refers to the eight points of the compass.
方针 (fāngzhèn) is the pointer on the compass. This word refers to a policy or a guiding principle.
地方 (dìfang) means a place, a spot or a space.
zhè piān wénzhāng hái yǒu xǔduō kěyǐ gǎijìn de dìfang.
There is still plenty of room for improvement in this composition.
As flags are usually of a square or rectangular shape, it is not surprising that the word for flags, 旗 (qí), takes on the “square” radical.
房 (fáng) is a house or a room. It features a space under a roof.
防 (fáng) is to defend one’s turf or guard against someone or something. This word features the “ear” radical as well.
放 (fàng) is to place, to put or to release.
旁 (páng) means side or on the side.
Tā bǎ nà fēng xìn fàng zài yī páng.
He set that letter on the side.
族 (zú) means clan, race, nationality or a group with common features.
旋 (xuán) is to spin or revolve around something.
Dìqiú rào zhe tàiyáng xuánzhuǎn.
The earth revolves around the sun.
訪 (fǎng) is to visit, to call on or to interview someone.
Tā jùjué jiēshòu fǎngwèn.
He refused to be interviewed.
旅 (lǚ) is to travel. 旅客 (lǚkè) could be a passenger, a traveler or a hotel guest.
旅游 (lǚyóu) means touring.
If you are traveling to a Chinese-speaking country, you might find the cheat sheet in Chapter 32 of “Learn Chinese through Songs and Rhymes” helpful.