Soccer is the most watched sports game in the present world. Its rules are fairly easy to understand. Since this game is played using the feet, it is appropriately named in Chinese as 足球 (zúqiú).
足 (zú) is the formal word for the foot. It features as a radical in many words related to the feet. For example, 踢足球 (tī zúqiú) means to kick or play the soccer ball. To see a few other words featuring the foot radical, please review the lesson posted on 10/16/13.
足球隊 (zúqiú duì) is a soccer team. The soccer team members are called 足球队员 (zúqiú duìyuán). You can refer to the members of any team as 队员 (duìyuán), and you can refer to any ball players as 球员 (qiú yuán).
足球场 (zúqiú chǎng) is a soccer playing field. 球 (qiú) is a ball, and 門 (mén) is a door or a gate. Therefore 球門 (qiúmén) is the goal in a sports game like soccer or hockey.
比赛 (bǐsài) means a match or a competition. As a verb, it means to compete in a match. You can refer to a soccer game as 足球比赛 (zúqiú bǐsài) or 足球赛 (zúqiú sài).
世界 (shìjiè) means the world. 杯 (bēi) is a cup or a trophy. Therefore, the Chinese word for World Cup is 世界杯 (shìjiè bēi).
Last Sunday the German team won the World Cup for the fourth time in history. Their formidable opponent had won the World Cup twice before.
Déguó bǐ Ägēntín duō dé yī fèn, yíngdé le shìjiè bēi.
Germany got one point over Argentina, winning the World Cup.
A penalty shot or a penalty kick is called 罚球 (fáqiú). At this link is a video showing how a soccer ball sometimes has a mind of its own.
Yìdàlì qiú yuán tī chū yī gè fáqiú.
The Italian soccer player made a penalty kick.
Nà zúqiú pèng dào qiúmén kuàng, fǎn tán le huílái.
That ball hit the frame of the goal and bounced back.
Duìfāng shǒu qiúmén de qiú yuán xǐchūwàngwài.
The goalie of the opposing team was overjoyed.
Méi xiǎngdào nà zúqiú luòdì hòu jìngrán zìdòng tiào jìn qiúmén li.
Unexpectedly, after touching the ground, that soccer ball actually bounced back into the goal on its own.
Which ball game do you enjoy the most? Why not look up the Chinese terms associated with that activity?