The 顺 (shùn) character consists of a 川 (chuān river) and a 页 (yè a leaf or a page). Think of a leaf floating down a river, moving along with the flow. This will help you remember that 顺 (shùn) means to move smoothly along in the same direction.
顺 (shùn) implies not going against the grain. Therefore, it also means being smooth or agreeable.
顺风 (shùnfēng) is to have a tail wind.
帆 (fān) is the sail of a boat. To wish someone smooth sailing, you could say: 一帆风顺. (Yīfānfēngshùn.) To wish someone a safe trip, you could say: 一路顺风. (Yīlùshùnfēng. Bon voyage)
顺路 (shùnlù) means on the way.
Wǒ shùnlù mǎi le yī tiáo miànbāo.
On the way I bought a loaf of bread.
顺便 (shùnbiàn) means by the way, in passing or at one’s convenience.
Tā jìnchéng shí, shùnbiàn lái kàn wǒ.
When he comes to town, he drops by to see me.
(This is an example of a complex sentence.)
顺利 (shùnlì) means doing something smoothly or successfully, or something is going smoothly.
Tā shùnlì de tōngguò le kǎoshì.
He passed the exam without any problem.
May everything go well for you! All the best!
顺序 (shùnxù) is a noun that means order or sequence. 照顺序做 (zhào shùnxù zuò) means to do things in the proper order. In the game of poker, 顺 (shùn) refers to a straight.
To be agreeable to a person, you often must follow their wishes or obey their commands. 顺从 (shùncóng) means to be obedient to or to yield to someone. 孝顺 (xiàoshùn) is said of a person showing filial piety and obedience. This is a virtue that is highly valued by the Chinese.
温顺 (wēnshùn) is an adjective that you could use to describe a person who is gentle and docile. 百依百顺 (bǎiyībǎishùn) means to be totally docile and obedient. 逆来顺受 (nìláishùnshòu) is a phrase describing a resigned person meekly submitting to maltreatment or misfortune without complaint.
顺其自然 (shùnqízìrán) is to follow nature’s course.
Zhè jiàn shì shùnqízìrán jiù hǎo le.
Just let nature take its course with respect to this matter.
Now, from your own perspective, things that look agreeable or pleasing are said to be 顺眼 (shùnyǎn), and words that you like to hear are said to be 顺耳 (shùněr).
顺口 (shùnkǒu) means saying things offhandedly. It also an adjective used to describe words or text that can be spoken or read smoothly and easily.
顺手 (shùnshǒu) means easy to do without a hitch. This word is also used to describe something that is convenient and easy to use.
顺心 (shùnxīn), or 顺意 (shùnyì), means having things go satisfactorily according to one’s wish.
Have you ever wondered why some people seem happier and more optimistic than you are? Barring actual calamities or serious health or financial problems, it’s often a matter of the frame of mind in which you decide to find yourself. In other words, don’t fret over a sock that’s missing from the wash. It will most likely turn up the next time you do your laundry. Looking at things from the brighter side may take some practicing. For starters, why not sing Rogers and Hammerstein’s “Oh, What a Beautiful Morning” first thing in the morning? You should be able to sing the following lines to the music for the refrain that begins with “Oh, What a Beautiful Morning”.
Ā duōme měilì dì zǎochén!
Ā duōme měi dì yītiān!!
Wǒ xīn zhòng chōngmǎn liǎo huān xīn,
Shìshì dōu shùnyì rúyuàn.
When singing a song, it’s customary to pronounce 的 as “dì” and 了 “liǎo” because they are easier to enunciate this way and therefore sound better in a song. In fact, many Chinese people use this alternative pronunciation in their daily speech.