There is a Sung Dynasty folk song that starts with these lines:
Yuè er wān wān zhào jiǔzhōu,
The slim crescent moon shines all over the land,
Jǐ jiā huānlè, jǐ jiā chóu.
Some families happy and others sad.
九州 (jiǔzhōu) refers to the nine regions of ancient China. This term is still used in songs and poems to refer to China. Please note that 九州 (jiǔzhōu) is also the Chinese word for Kyushu, one of the four main islands of Japan.
Although the moon graces all the people equally, a few families enjoy prosperity while the majority endure hardship.
This old song was later transformed into a theme song for a movie. I am not familiar with the movie, but from the lyrics of the song and a short movie clip on Youtube, I gathered that it’s about a girl from a fisherman’s family who left her village for the city and later became a famous singer. The glamorous new life also brought her unexpected trouble.
Click on this link to hear 月儿弯弯照九州 sung in a female voice.
At this link is the same song sung in a male voice. At this site there is an English translation of this song. The lyrics are provided in Traditional Chinese characters.
Let’s look at some of the terms used in the first three stanzas of the lyrics, which depict the plight of a fisherman’s life.
弯 (wān) means curved or bent. The crescent moon has a curved shape. 照 (zhào) has a few different meanings. Here it means to shine or to illuminate.
渔船 (yúchuán) is a fishing boat, and 渔家 (yú jiā) is a fisherman’s family.
到处 (dàochù) means everywhere. 停留 (tíngliú) means to stop and stay.
风光 (fēngguāng) is a scenery. 青山绿水 (qīngshān lǜ shuǐ) is a commonly used term that describes green hills and clear green water, i.e. a nice scenery.
Among common folks, the male in a couple may be addressed by the female as 哥哥 (gēgē), and 妹 (mèi) is the female counterpart.
吹笛 (chuī dí) is to play a flute, and 梳头 (shū tóu) is to comb one’s hair. Both are leisurely activities.
工作 (gōngzuò) means a work (noun), a job, or to work (verb).
几时 (jǐshí) is another way of saying 什么时候? (shénme shíhòu), which means “When?”. 休 (xiū) means to stop or to rest. In regular parlance, 几时休 (xiū) would be expressed as:
Shénme shíhòu cái huì tíngzhǐ?
When will it stop?
白天 (báitiān) is daytime, and 夜 (yè) is night or evening. 摇船 (yáochuán) is to row the boat and, 补网 (bǔ wǎng) is to mend the fishing net.
青春 (qīngchūn) means one’s youth, youthfulness or being youthful.
水里 (shuǐ li) means in the water.
丢 (diū) means to throw, to throw away or to lose something.
风浪 (fēnglàng) are stormy waves. 翻天 (fāntiān) means overturning the sky. It describes the worrisome turbulence of the storm.
使人 (shǐ rén) translates to “causes a person to” or “to enable a person to”. So, 使人愁 (shǐ rén chóu) means “makes one worry”.
Nèi jiàn shì shǐ wǒ gǎndào bùān.
That incident made me feel uneasy.
要吃 (yào chī) means needing to eat; 要穿 (yào chuān) means needing to have clothing to wear. 顾 (gù) is to care about or to take into consideration. 险 (xiǎn) are dangers. 哪顾得险 (nǎ gù de xiǎn) means not having the luxury to care about the dangers (of fishing in stormy weather).
可怜 (kělián) means pitiable, pitiful or poor. 流泪 (liú lèi) is to weep. 双 (shuāng) is a pair, or two of something. 泪双流 (lèi shuāng liú) indicates there are two people weeping together.